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During the first decade of 2000 AAA has managed to design and build ELITE a fully composite six seater very light jet (VLJ) with Williams’s twin engines. This aircraft has been registered under Canadian call sign and completed 163 hours of flights in most part of the world and obtained all necessary approvals.

ELITE

KEZA TAM information

KEZA-TAM Group offers one of the most technology advanced executive business Jet in the aviation industry. Keza 600 fully composite model is the only efficient, fastest and longest range single-pilot of this category aircraft in the market.

KEZA-600 BUSINESS JET PROJECT BRIFE

The presented project implies development and production of Very Light Jet VLJ (KEZA-600) 617 with two Pratt and Whitney Jet engines, and Honeywell Integrated Avionics on the facilities of LLC “KEZA-TAM”, in Tbilisi Georgia. The project envisages investment of US$ 60.5 million.

In accordance with the preliminary projections by 2025 the Investment will be fully recovered. By 2029 the Project VLJ (KEZA-600) will generate US$ 275M.

Growth projection of the civil aviation indicates that by 2035 the number of civil aircraft will increase from 19,580 to 39,320 units. The growth in civil aviation will imply the growth in business aviation sectors. The growth will be observed in the Very Light Jet (VLJ) segment, sub-segment of business aviation. In the next five years the number of VLJ delivered will amount to around 1,500 units.

The project will be implemented by KEAZA-TAM New management formed by “AAA Georgia” and outside Investors.

AAA Georgia has significant experience in the field. The proposed KEZA-600 Jet will become the 3rd model developed by the “Keza-Tam” new management.

Today “KEZA-TAM” possesses production facilities and engineering personnel that are fully capable to manage challenges of the project. The entire cost of project is US$ 60.5M. The biggest part of this amount is directed towards financing for Certification process of the aircraft under European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Regulations. Part of the amount will be spent on the production of four prototypes aircraft required for the certification, and financing consulting services required for leading certification process.
In accordance with the current estimates the process will last for 27 months. At the last stage of the certification AAA Georgia will start selling experimental aircraft (“Kits”) to interested customers.
In accordance with the current market demand it is possible to start marketing and sales process, early in the project implementation. The project envisages undertaking of marketing and sales activities from Tbilisi and Dubai (Middle Eastern Market).

AAA Georgia plans that the sales price for the “Kits” will be US$ 2.5M. After the
certification the price of the KEZA-600 Jet will be fixed at US$ 3.5M. For the period of 2025-2029 the Company plans to sell 222 aircraft.
Projected financial projections imply starting of the sales (initially sales of “Kits”) from 2023. The same year the company will start selling of the certified aircraft. By 2028 the company will fully cover the investment loan. By the end of 2029 the company will generate cash of around Euro 200M.

Risk analysis of the project indicate that most of the risks in project implementation are fully manageable. Hiring of the experienced consultant that would assist the Company in the certification process will further reduce risks.

The vision for the Utility Jet Project

The vision for the Utility Jet Project

- Identified a market niche not well served – turboprop flexibility in a jet
- To exploit leading technologies for customer benefit
- To provide high utility capability
- To achieve excellent range / payload capability
- A quantum price / performance advantage

Superior Capability
- Flies further than other light business jets
- Superior short field performance
- Large cabin for passengers and cargo
- Modern and reliable systems

Maximum Flexibility
- Superior range / payload capability
- Single pilot capable
- Quick change cabin configuration
- Can access unimproved runways

Aircraft Specifications
Product definition*
- MTOW of 10,715 Ibs (4860kg)
- Aircraft Dimension:
. Length – 13.6m
. Wing Span – 14.4m
. Height – 4.56 m

- 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW617E turbofan
- Garmin and Honeywell integrated avionics
- A all composite, carbon fiber airframe
- Reinforced undercarriage
- 4 – 9 Passenger capability

Range and Payload
- Loaded with 6 persons (2 crew + 4 pax) range is 2600 km
- At a full payload of 972 kg, aircraft range still exceeds 1800 km
Payload Specifications Payload Weight (Ibs / kg) IFR Range* (nm / km)
Four Passengers + Two Crew, Max Fuel 1440 / 648 1400 / 2600
Pax Seats Full (8 pax + 1 Crew, available fuel) 2140 / 972 1000 / 1800

Short Field Capability
KEZA-600 NG GET field performance:
-Similar take-off & landing performance to turboprops

Un-matched performance translates into lower risks
Key performance figures value
Climb rates (MTOW):
- all engines ON
- one engine OFF

20 m/sec
5 m/ sec
Time to FL370 (MTOW) 14 min
Distances:
- Balance field length
- landing distance
1100 m
900m
Speed (MLW):
- VREF
- Stalling speed
180 km/h
140km/h

More flexibility in difficult airports and better mission performance

Access to more airport

Slowest speeds among light jets

Airfield Access
-exceptional takeoff and landing
- un-improved runway capability
- maximum takeoff and landing altitude of 8500ft

Access to up to 25% more airport than the best jet competitor

Access to more airports than its main turboprop competitor

Other Performance Qualities
The KEZA-600 JET has good cruise performance:
-Max cruise speed of 400 kts / 740 km/h
- Maximum ceiling of 41,000 ft / 12500 m
The KEZA-600 NG GET offers superior customer value:
- Fewer stops
- less time wasted in commuting
- less trade-off on weight
Key performance figures value
Maximum operating altitude 12500 m
Maximum operating Mach number MMO 0.72
Maximum Cruis (FL330, ISA) 740 km/h

Designed for space and comfort
cabin volume : 350 ft3 / 10 m3
unique cabin cross section height
5.3 ft / 1.62m cabin height
Elegant but robust materials

General Cabin Features
Office and Entertainment
- Sat com with dual handset (cabin and cockpit)
- audio system with CD player and individual headsets
- Video system with DVD player and individual 8-inch plug-in information
- Air show system with worldwide/ regional maps and flight information
Galley and Galley equipment
- Full galley in forward
- high temperature oven
- Microwave
- Coffee maker

Baggage Compartment
Description
- total volume: 42 cu ft (1.5 m3)
- Below left hand engine: 32 cu ft (0.91 m3)
- Main baggage compartment
- Includes a ski rack
Right hand side of nose cone: 5 cu ft (0.14 m3)
- Designed for fly-away kit and pilots equipment
- Interal 5 cu ft (0.14 m3)

Honeywell Integrated Avionics (for example)
Key Features
- Two 15 PFDs and two 10 MFDs
- Color weather radar
- Dual Flight Management System entry units (FMS)
- Dual Integrated Global Positioning System units (GPS)
- Dual Channel Air Data/Attitude and Heading Reference System (ADAHRS)
- Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System with windshear alert (EGPWS)
- Traffic Collision Alert System (TCAS || with change 7 )
- Emergency Locstor Transmitter (ELT)

Landing Gear System : Built for Robustness
Un-improved runways capabilities
- Large wheels and tires adapted to rough fields
- Main tires: 20 × 7.25 inch (53.3× 18.8 cm )
- Low tire pressure: 166 psi (6.5 bars)
- Large fuselage/ ground clearance:
- Fuselage is 16 inch (0.4 m) above the ground*
- Reduces distance from debris projections
- Protection on control surfaces
- Optional nose guard to divert debris

KEZA-600 JET NG Operating Costs
- When purchasing an aircraft, the operating costs associated with the aircraft is one of the most important areas to look at.
- The KEZA-600 JET NG operating costs are all combined into six main areas that most private / business jets have.
- The six KEZA-600 JET NG operating cost areas are:
- Fuel;
- maintenance;
- Depreciation;
- Insurance;
- hangar / parking;
- crew and training costs.
Another area is taxes and fees (FAA / EASA registration).

OPERATING COSTS AREA ONE – FUEL COSTS
The main KEZA- 600 JET NG operating cost area is fuel. KEZA – 600 JET NG fuel costs are a variable cost that will vary based on hours or miles flown.
- The light jet burns around 920 pounds per hour at 34,000 feet or 700 pounds per hour at 41,000 feet at 740 km/h (400 knots)
- The KEZA-600 JET NG uses around 0.342 gallons per nautical mile at 34,000 feet or 0.261 gallons per nautical mile at 41,000 feet.
- An estimated 1,000 nautical mile trip would cost $1,710 at FL340 or $1,305 at FL410 with jet A fuel costing @5.00 per gallon.
- If a KEZA-600 JET NG flew 4,000 nautical mile trips a month the estimated fuel cost for the year would be $82,080 with jet A at $5.00 per gallon and flying at 34,000 feet.

This is one the main KEZA-600 JET NG operating costs that operators will be interested in.

OPERATING COSTS AREA TWO – MAINTENANCE
- Maintenance for the KEZA-600 JET NG is the second most important area to look at. The maintenance costs could be both fixed and variable based on certain maintenance items. KEZA- 600 JET NG maintenance costs can vary over different owners. KEZA – 600 under AAA MANAGEMENT has seen that the maintenance costs usually vary from $60-$110 per hour for the KEZA-600 JET NG.
(with 400-500 hours of utilization per year estimated).

OPERATING COSTS AREA THREE: DEPRECIATION
- Generally for a business jets depreciation, are 20-30 year with 400-500 hours of utilization per year estimated.
- Residual value will be 20% from airplane cost.
- Flat rate depreciation: where Dpn = Annual rate of depreciation, C= cost of Aircraft, R= residual value of the aircraft and N= useful economic life in years.
- gives the formula : Dpn = (C - R) / N
- where ($3,000,000-$600,000) / 30= $80,000 is depreciation cost per year.

OPERATING COSTS AREA FOUR: INSURANCE
- Another area of operating costs for the KEZA-600 JET NG is insurance costs. This is fixed cost. Insurance can be estimated , 1% of the cost of the aircraft annually.
- KEZA-600 JET NG estimated cost is $3,500,000.00

OPERATING COSTS AREA FIVE: HANGAR / PARKING COSTS
- The KEZA-600 JET NG will need to be parked, preferably in a hanger. This will add to the operating costs of the jet. the parking costs are fixed and can range anywhere from $500 to thousands of dollars per month, depending on the airport and hanger you choose.
- If you already have a hangar, then the cost will be spread out over all the aircraft. This could also be considered a sunk cost if you already have a hangar.

OPERATING COSTS AREA SIX: CREW & TRANING
- If you are not flying the KEZA-600 JET NG yourself, then you will need to hire flight crewmembers. The KEZA -600 JET NG is single pilot capable and can be flown with one pilot. This can be fixed or variable cost, depending on how you compensate your flight crew.
- Salary of the crew: $120,000.00 per year for 1 pilots.
- Training costs will also be an expense to look at KEZA-600 offers training pilot and one maintenance engineer at no additional cost to purchasers of new KEZA-600 JET NG.
- Every year pilots and crewmembers may need recurrent training and this will be an additional cost. The cost every year could be around $10,000 to $20,000 estimated.

KEZA-600 JET NG OPERATING COSTS OVERVIEW:

KEZA-600 JET NG Fuel Per Hour:
- $430 per hour at $5.00 Gallon for Jet A Fuel
KEZA-600 JET NG maintenance Cost Per Hour:
- $85
KEZA-600 JET NG Depreciation Cost Per Hour:
- $138.60
KEZA-600 JET NG Insurance Cost Per Hour:
- $2.96
KEZA-600 JET NG Crew Cost Per Hour:
- $56
KEZA-600 JET NG Operating Cost per Hour:
- $430 fuel+ $85 maintenance +$ 160 depreciation + $56 crew+ 3.47 insurance= $ 734 per hour

Totally, approximate operating cost per hour is $ 734.00
Here not included other costs, Navigation, Training, tax fee, etc.

KEZA-600 JET NG OPERATING COSTST OVERVIEW:
KEZA-600 JET NG Operating costs per Hour
Fuel Cost Per Hour $430
Maintenance $85
Depreciation $138.60
Insurance $2.96
Crew and training $56
Total operating costs $ 734.56

Carbon Fiber Technology

Creation of the Airframe
1. Positive core is created based on the aircraft engineering data
2. Negative mold is created to the shape of the core
3. The airframe structure is manufactured in the mold:
• Honeycomb or foam plates with carbon fiber fabric on both sides
• Resin applied to bind materials and create strength
4. The structure is heated and fused together in a large heating chamber
5. The fuselage structure re-heated outside the mold

 

KEZA-600 BUSINESS JET PROJECT BRIFE

The presented project implies development and production of Very Light Jet VLJ (KEZA-600) 617 with two Pratt and Whitney Jet engines, and Honeywell Integrated Avionics on the facilities of LLC “KEZA-TAM”, in Tbilisi Georgia. The project envisages investment of US$ 60.5 million.

In accordance with the preliminary projections by 2025 the Investment will be fully recovered. By 2029 the Project VLJ (KEZA-600) will generate US$ 275M.

Growth projection of the civil aviation indicates that by 2035 the number of civil aircraft will increase from 19,580 to 39,320 units. The growth in civil aviation will imply the growth in business aviation sectors. The growth will be observed in the Very Light Jet (VLJ) segment, sub-segment of business aviation. In the next five years the number of VLJ delivered will amount to around 1,500 units.

The project will be implemented by KEAZA-TAM New management formed by “AAA Georgia” and outside Investors.

AAA Georgia has significant experience in the field. The proposed KEZA-600 Jet will become the 3rd model developed by the “Keza-Tam” new management.

Today “KEZA-TAM” possesses production facilities and engineering personnel that are fully capable to manage challenges of the project. The entire cost of project is US$ 60.5M. The biggest part of this amount is directed towards financing for Certification process of the aircraft under European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Regulations. Part of the amount will be spent on the production of four prototypes aircraft required for the certification, and financing consulting services required for leading certification process.
In accordance with the current estimates the process will last for 27 months. At the last stage of the certification AAA Georgia will start selling experimental aircraft (“Kits”) to interested customers.
In accordance with the current market demand it is possible to start marketing and sales process, early in the project implementation. The project envisages undertaking of marketing and sales activities from Tbilisi and Dubai (Middle Eastern Market).

AAA Georgia plans that the sales price for the “Kits” will be US$ 2.5M. After the
certification the price of the KEZA-600 Jet will be fixed at US$ 3.5M. For the period of 2025-2029 the Company plans to sell 222 aircraft.
Projected financial projections imply starting of the sales (initially sales of “Kits”) from 2023. The same year the company will start selling of the certified aircraft. By 2028 the company will fully cover the investment loan. By the end of 2029 the company will generate cash of around Euro 200M.

Risk analysis of the project indicate that most of the risks in project implementation are fully manageable. Hiring of the experienced consultant that would assist the Company in the certification process will further reduce risks.